Police System in India: Where the problem lies

Reports on police system has been written during the time when the police system and the judicial system have been substantially criticized in the media. Reforms in these areas are required. Normative and ideological changes are crucial, but the immediate and most pressing need is to create a comprehensive police reform.
As the Indian society advances rapidly and the nation itself becomes a major political power in the international arena, domestic institutions are lagging behind and continue to remain inadequate in terms of efficiency.Without hesitation the Indian police is one such institution, which continues to remain a colonial legacy. The Police Act of 1861, which was drafted by the British as a direct response to the 1857 revolt, still remains as the major governing instrument for the police.

The methodology adopted for writing this paper has involved an extensive collection and analysis of information, in order to understand the existing scenario. This included a review of literature and field interviews of police officers and citizens, in order to gain a first hand understanding of the system.

This report has been written using a descriptive and analytical method. The first section describes the background of the police system today, its function and structure. The second section analyses the problems within the current system and its design defects. The third section gives a brief overview of statistical data in the field both national and international. The fourth section,draw ups the recommendations for a new police system.

It is crucial to understand the root of the problem, which is causing inefficiency in the current police force. Equally important is to focus on constructive solutions, which combat this inefficiency. The main purpose of this report is to explain and understand the problems, as well as to create an effective and workable alternative.

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Author: Dwivedi Ruchi and Garima Kumari
[Banaras Hindu University, LL.B.6th semester]

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